MICROBIOLOGY : STUDYING INVISIBLE

microbiology
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WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF MICRONS

ANTONI VAN LEEUWENHOK IS THE FOUNDER OF MICROBIOLOGY

RECENTLY ,MICROBIOLOGY BEEN A MAJOR CONTRIBUTOR TO RISE OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

microbiology is the study of microorganism ,those being unicellular ,multicellular , acellular . microbiology encompasses numerous sub discipline including

  • virology
  • bacteriology
  • protistology
  • mycology
  • immunology
  • parasitology

microbiology is the study of all living organism that are too small to be visible with naked eye . microbiologist study microbes and some of the most important discoveries that have under pinned modern society have resulted from research of famous microbiologist

  • JENNER- vaccine of small pox
  • FLEMING- discovery of penicillin
  • ZUR-HAUSEN – identified link between papiloma virus and cervical cancer

the feild is concerned with the structure function and classification of such organism and with ways of both exploiting and controlling their activity

SCOPE OF MICROBIOLOGY

microbiology has an impact on the following

  • medicine
  • agriculture
  • food science
  • ecology
  • genetics
  • biochemistry
  • immunology

many microbiologist are primarily interested in the biology of microorganism while other focus on specific groups

  • VIROLOGISTS -virus
  • BACTERIOLOGIST-bacteria
  • PHYCOLOGIST- algae
  • MYCOLOGIST- FUNGI
  • PROTOZOOLOGIST- protozoa

TYPE OF MICROBIOLOGY

THEORETICAL OR PURE MICROBIOLOGY

PRACTICAL OR APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY

THEORETICAL ( PURE ) MICROBIOLOGY

  • study of occurence
  • forms
  • structure
  • classification
  • physiology
  • reproduction’
  • heredity
  • variation and evolution of microbe

Bacteriology- study of bacteria

Mycology – study of fungi

Protozoology – study of protozoa

Phycology- study of algae

Parasitology- study of parasite

immunology- study of immune system

virology -study of virus

nematology- study of nematode

microbial cytology- study of microscopic and sub microscopic details of microorganism

microbial ecology- relationship between microorganism and their environment

microbial genetics

cellular microbiology- discipline bridging microbiology and cell biology

evolutionary microbiology- study of evolution of microbe this feild can be subdivided into

  • microbial taxonomy -naming and classification of microorganism
  • microbial systematics-study of the diversity and genetic relationship of microorganism

generation microbiology- the study of those microorganism that have the same character as their parents

system microbiology- a discipline bridging systems biology and microbiology

molecular microbiology- study of molecular principles of physiological process of physiological process in microorganism

phylogeny-the study of genetic relationship between different organism

Astro microbiology -study of microorganism in outer space

nano microbiology-the study of those organism on nano level

APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY

exploitation of beneficial microbes

control the activity of harmful microbes

TYPES OF APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY

  • MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY -study of role of microbe in human and animal disease
  • AGRICULTURE MICROBIOLOGY -role of microbe in plant disease ,soil fertility and spoilage of agricultural product
  • INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY- utilisation of microbe for the production of alcoholic beverages,antibiotics,amino acid ,citric acid etc
  • FOOD MICROBIOLOGY- role of microbe in food spoilage, their prevention and to increase the shelf life of various food products , production of cheese butter , fermented milk etc

HISTORY OF MICROBIOLOGY

  1. microbes are discovered in late 17th century
  2. 1st observed by ANTON VAN LEEUWENHOEK ( father of microbiology)
  3. a dutch draper
  4. Anton van leeuwenenhoek -he considered microbes as curiosities of nature

BOOKS RELATED TO MICROBIOLOGY

Links is been provided to u all to make it more convenient https://www.google.com/search?channel=trow2&client=firefox-b-d&q=microbiology+bookhttps://www.google.com/search?channel=trow2&client=firefox-b-d&q=microbiology+book

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